Social Trust, National Culture and Traditions (the Polish Case: 1989-2015) Joanna Kurczewska


Joanna Kurczewska

Abstract: The paper is an attempt at diagnosis of transformation of Polish society in the period 1989-2014 from the perspective of change of the national culture: dependent and limited culture into independent culture open to international social and political im- pulses. The author assumes that national cultures maximizing the communality involve more or less numerous patterns of the culture of trust. Pertinence of the inherited patterns of trust such as antipathy against the alien state or bureaucracy reinforces in Polish culture the familialistic and familialistic-nationalist (Nation as family and not as an abstract State) patterns of trust against the patterns focused on institutions such as state, parties, public institutions. The author referring to two types of research - public opinion polls and analysis of ideological discourse - shows the difference between elitist and common patterns of culture of trust. Last but not least, based upon the empirical data, the author wishes to point that in recent years the declared and practiced patterns of trust are decreasingly in- clusive due to the basic political division between Poland of Civic Platform and Poland of Law and Justice.

Keywords: social trust, politics, public opinion, culture.