Exploring the Migration - Environment Nexus in Viet Nam


Dang Nguyen Anh

Susanne Melde

and Tran Thi Ngoc Thu

Abstract: Viet Nam is exposed to a wide range of natural hazards and slow-onset processes that have had catastrophic impacts on the environment, livelihoods, settlements and the health of people. Although migration occurs within the country and internationally, mainly for economic reasons, it is evident that the increasingly degraded environment in also plays a significant role in influencing people’s movements and relocation. The paper is one of the first assessments on the environment and migration nexus in Viet Nam. Based on review of the literature and policy, it pointed out the links between the environment, climate change and migration in the country and discussed existing policy responses. It initially contributes to the global knowledge base on the relationship between migration and environmental change, including climate change.

Keywords: environment, climate change, migration, policy response, Viet Nam