Current Situation and Policy Responses to Human Trafficking


Dang Nguyen Anh

Abstract: Human trafficking is a global problem, affecting millions of people. It is involving the illegal trade of human beings for exploitation or commercial gain. This paper assesses the situation and nature of trafficking in women and children in Vietnam, which has been relatively understudied. Human trafficking has existed in different forms of which sexual exploitation and forced labour through both internal and external migration are popular. In recent years, it has taken a new commercial forms of pregnant hire and birth surrogacy. Although a number of policies and laws to combat human trafficking have been issued, they usually overlap and not properly re-enforced. Current gaps in legal frameworks and the misunderstanding of enforcement officials, and stigmatization for victims of trafficking can further add to the complexity of this modern-day form of slavery.

Keywords: human trafficking, exploitation, policy and law enforcement, Vietnam