Securing Water and Food in Asia


Bharat Sharma

Abstract: In today’s Asia, water and food security is under threat from rapid population growth, urbanization, water pollution, the over-abstraction of groundwater, water-related disasters, and climate change. The author employed the water security framework provided by the Asian Development Bank to examine its five major components, including securities of household water, economic water, urban water, environmental water and water-related disasters. As a part of Southeast, trans-boundary water resources in the Mekong region are managed by overlapping legal and institutional arrangements which created major challenges for water-food-energy management. Upstream - downstream relationships are extremely complex to reach a regional consensus. The paper concludes with a set of recommendations aiming to secure water resources, food production and disaster management in the region.

Keywords: water security, food production, water-food management, Mekong region.