Human Security and Economic Security: Concepts, measurement and policy implications


Christian Arndt

Abstract: While traditional security protects a state's boundaries, its people and institutions. Human security is people-centered as it shifts to protecting individuals from vulnerabilities. The paper examines the issues of human security and economic security which are important as reported by UNDP in 1994. The most prevalent ones are: hunger, diseases, corruption and the repression of human rights. As people can suffer from stresses in daily life and threats to dignity and survival, human security also requires attention to both freedom from fear and freedom from want. In reality, the interest of the state defense has continued to overshadow the interest of people and social development. It is crucial to empower people to live independent lives and employ relevant redistribution policies as a tool to address increasing inequality and growth effects, such as the case of Germany. In conclusion, the author postulated that it is necessary to deal with structure and agency interactions, and engage in a much more sophisticated manner with the issues of human security and economic security in our future research.

Keywords: human security, economic security, freedom from fear and want, redistribution policy, Germany.