Gender Aspects in Child Protection: Preliminary Analysis from Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys


Nguyen Huu Minh

Tran Thi Hong

and Tran Thi Thanh Loan

Abstract: This paper presents the results from the analysis of gender issue in child protection regarding following aspects: 1) Child labor; 2) Child discipline. The analysis was conducted using data from the Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) 2006, 2011 and 2014. It is shown that child labor was prevalent among boys and girls. Girls were more likely than boys to engage in doing domestic work. Among those aged 15-17 years, boys were generally more likely to participate in economic activities than girls. Education, family’s living standard have significant effect on child labor. Children from ethnic minority and living in the Northern Midlands and Mountainous were more likely to engage in child labor than other children. The prevalence of violent discipline against children 2-14 years old decreased over time, but is still high, especially among boys. Violent discipline against girls and boys significantly decreased when mothers had at least lower secondary school education.

Keywords: child protection, gender, child labor, child punishment, child policy.