In-situ Urbanization in China: Processes, Contributing Factors, and Policy Implications


Yu Zhu

Abstract: By contrast with the conventional city-based process of urbanization, dom- inated by rural-urban migration, in-situ urbanization implies that rural settlements and their populations become urban or quasi-urban populations without any significant geograph- ical relocation of their residents. The emergence and development of in-situ urbanization is one of the major characteristics of the process of urbanization in China. This article ex- amines the evolution of in-situ urbanization, quasi-urban areas and populations which are so well developed that they have become major components of the rural-urban transition process and have generated complex socio-economic development issues.

Keywords: livelihood transformation, Tay ethnic people, urbanization, Vietnam.